20 Famous Things You Didn’t Know Were Invented in Germany - You May Be Surprised! | Life in Düsseldorf (2023)

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We often do not know the origin of various products around the world today, including these 20 things that came from “Deutschland” which I will be sharing in this post. Germany has a reputation for innovation, with countless groundbreaking inventions — from the first computer, to aspirin, or even to nuclear fission. But you probably didn’t know many other things were also invented in Germany.

German innovation has completely revolutionized our daily lives. The country is well known for brewing beer and the creation of Schlager music, but did you know that Germany has also produced some of the world’s most noteworthy inventions?

Johannes Gutenberg, Ferdinand Porsche, and Karl Benz are just a few of the famous engineers, inventors, and scientists who hail from Germany. From everyday household items to lifesaving medical devices and luxury automobiles, these German inventors have created some of the most useful inventions, many of which are still used today.

Here is our top 20 list of innovations that you might not have realized were invented in Germany!

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Christmas Tree

Spruce branches adorned the homes of the Germans even before they adopted Christianity: they were supposed to drive away the evil spirits of darkness and cold. In medieval Germany, Christmas trees were decorated with gilded apples and garlands of nuts in the homes of wealthy merchants and nobles, initially only in Protestant areas. The tree finally became an obligatory attribute of Christmas for all Christians in the 19th century.

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The Easter Bunny

Many people might assume the Easter Bunny was created like Rudolph the Rednosed Reindeer as a marketing initiative, but that is not the case. We also owe this attribute of the Easter holiday to the Germans as well. For the first time, the Easter Bunny or Rabbit was mentioned in texts written back in the 16th century. Stemming from the game ‘Egg Hunt’ (or commonly referred to now as ‘Easter Egg Hunt’) which took place in the form of a children’s story from 1680, where a rabbit hid eggs in a garden.

The Cuckoo Clock

The cuckoo clock is the symbol of the Black Forest. They appeared here at the end of the 17th century, and the history of their invention is quite curious. One craftsman from the city of Schönwald decided to make a clock with a crowing rooster. The mechanism turned out to be very cumbersome, and besides, it was not possible to reproduce the crowing. Then the artisan replaced the rooster with a miniature cuckoo and it became a real sensation.

The original timepiece quickly gained popularity in Germany, and by the middle of the 18th century, there were several workshops in the Black Forest. The clocks were made of wood and decorated with exquisite carvings, while each master had his own style. Today we can hear the song of the Cuckoo Clock daily across the globe.

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Fahrenheit scale

Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit in 1709 proposed the first reliable alcohol thermometer with a scale. The main problem for scientists was to find reference points in order to tie the scale to them. Fahrenheit suggested three: the lower limit of 0 ° F was the freezing point of saline, and the upper limit of 96 ° F was the temperature of the human body. The inventor defined this reference point as “the temperature under the arm of a healthy Englishman.” Ice on this scale to this day melts at 32 ° F and water boils at 212 ° F. In 1714, a scientist developed a mercury thermometer using a new method for purifying mercury.

The unit of measure for temperature, degrees Fahrenheit (°F), was named after him. The Fahrenheit scale is still used in many English-speaking countries, although it is gradually giving way to centigrade Celsius.


Another important German invention for people was paraffin candles. Invented by the famous German chemist, philosopher, geologist, and naturalist Karl Reichenbach in 1830.

This invention was a turning point for the already successful life of Reinechbach. After inventing paraffin, the scientist was elevated to the rank of honorary residents of Stuttgardt and in 1839 he was awarded the title of Baron. Paraffin was so popular that after a few years candles could be bought in many countries.

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Without the bandoneon, Argentine tango might not have become a heritage of world culture.

A cellist and instrument dealer from Krefeld, Heinrich Band began to develop his own model of an instrument based on the then-popular accordion around 1845. He didn’t know that his Bandoneon would one day become internationally known. His original concern was to enable the growing middle class in the city of Krefeld the ability to create music on a small but noble instrument without the knowledge of musical notes. At the end of the 19th century, the instrument was brought to Argentina. Like the little man’s piano, the bandoneon later shaped the club culture of the Rhineland in the 20th century.

Hot Dog

It has been proven that the first hot dog was produced in 1487 from the patriots of the German sausage industry. At the beginning of the 19th century, thanks to German immigrants, the technology of making sausages came to the United States. A butcher from Frankfurt first thought of wrapping Dachshund sausages in a slice of white bread.

German immigrants, who are especially neat, in 1860 began selling sausages along with a piece of bread. But sausages often rolled off a slice of bread and fell to the ground. And then one unknown inventor thought of replacing bread with a bun.

There is an assumption that the name “hot dog” arose from the comparison of sausage with a dog of the Dachshund breed. In May 1934, the term “hod-dog” first appeared, which is reliably known. The New York Herald published a cartoon of the shop owner selling sausages, and the sign above it reads: “Get your red-hot dachshund sausages!”

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Ring Binder

Friedrich Sönnecken, who lived in the German city of Bonn, invented it on November 14th, 1886. His father was an employee of the city government, thus he decided to improve the usual folder.

Equipping it with a tin strip stretched between two holes in the bottom of the folder, and a carriage for clamping papers, he easily and simply realized the dream of many, many office workers to sort documents faster. After all, the clamp could be loosened at any time and the necessary document could be taken out or a new one could be added.

Hole Punch

Subsequently, this led to another innovation of Sönnecken. Thus, the hole punch was born.

For the wire arch mechanism of the binder to work flawlessly, the distance between the wires must match the distance between the screw rods of the hole punch. Therefore, together with the patent for the binder, Friedrich Sönnecken applied for a patent for the hole punch.

Contact Lenses

The first models that could be kept on the eye were invented by the German ophthalmologist Adolf Fick in 1888. A renowned physician described what we now call scleral lenses.

First, Fick made plaster molds, then the lenses were formed on the mold. The first contact lenses were made of glass, weighed about 0.5 grams, and completely covered the entire eyeball. They could be worn for no more than two hours.

German inventor August Müller was the first to try out the technology of the cast from the eye. In order to make the lenses, the ophthalmologist conducted tests on his own eyes. Müller’s works are relevant to this day, although he learned exclusively from his mistakes.

For the first time, a glassblower from Germany – Müller (namesake of August Müller) was engaged in the manufacture of lenses for everyday use. Since 1913, the mass production of contact lenses began at the German factory of Karl Zeiss.

At the Zeiss factory in the 1920s, the production of “multi-diopter” sets began, thus solving the problem of individual selection. From these sets, doctors chose exactly the one that was suitable for a particular patient.

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Electric drill

This indispensable tool for home renovation is included in everyone’s toolbox. The drill itself was invented in 1889 in Australia. But it was the German entrepreneur Wilhelm Emil Fein, the founder of the Fein company, which is still engaged in the production of electrical equipment. Fein developed a portable electric drill in 1895.


This miraculous medicine, which has many uses, was first invented in the laboratories of the “Bayer” company in 1897 in Wuppertal. At the same time, two scientists announced their invention. Which of the laboratory chemists was the first to receive aspirin remained unknown: the workers argued with each other for half a century, but the issue was not resolved until after their death. Arthur Eichengrun died 3 years later than his colleague Felix Hoffmann. Therefore, historical sources call Arthur the inventor of aspirin.

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Friedrich Wilhelm Gustav Brun is considered the inventor of the meter, which is installed in taxis to automatically calculate the fare. It was created by the order of the German auto designer and industrialist Gottlieb Daimler.

The taximeter was developed before the first automotive taxi. Originally horse-drawn carriages were equipped with a device that determined the cost of travel.

Scotch Tape

The original version of the duct tape consisted of gauze fabric and was patented to Paul Karl Baiersdof in 1882. The pharmacist Oskar Troplowitz, who worked at the Beiersdorf AG at that time, improved it in 1901 and named it Leukoplast. It was intended to protect skin damage. Leukoplast production began in 1921. Initially, the glue was applied only to the tapes so as not to irritate the damaged skin area. By the way, he also created a retractable hygienic lipstick and cream Nivea. As one can imagine the creation of adhesive tape, as well as band-aids, have made the world a better place!

The Thermos

A compact thermos for carrying coffee or tea – was invented at the beginning of the 20th century by Reinhold Burger. An expert in glass technology, he experimented for a long time, looking for a way to make a vessel in which the temperature of the contents would be maintained without chemicals. In 1903, Burger patented in Berlin an insulating container for storing drinks, which he called “thermos”. Thermos came from the Greek word therme meaning hot. The resourceful inventor immediately put the production of the novelty on a commercial basis.


The real creator of the toothpaste is Ottomar Heinsius von Mayenburg, a simple employee of a German pharmacy. Although he was a “simple employee” back in 1907 when he began his first experiments on the formula in the attic of the pharmacy where he worked in Dresden.

Now it is difficult to say whether Mayenburg himself believed in the success of the enterprise, sitting in the attic, diligently filling metal tubes with the first samples of paste. But the idea brought about a real revolution in dentistry, brought the inventor wealth, fame, and made toothpaste an indispensable element of any bathroom.

Von Mayenburg’s idea was ambitious. He saw no reason to use several means: one for fresh breath, the other for cleaning teeth, and the third for the prevention and treatment of cavities. Why so much complexity when you can create something universal that provides comprehensive care? The idea of a German is quite logical. Rationality is one of the main German qualities.

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Coffee Filters

The paper filter for coffee was invented by Melitta Benz, a housewife from Dresden. Dissatisfied with the bitter taste of her coffee, she used blotting paper from her sons’ school notebooks, placing it as a spacer in a brass pan with holes, thus protecting the coffee cup from the coffee grounds. This is how the basic principle of the first coffee filter was born.

On July 8th, 1908, the Imperial Patent Office in Berlin registered Melitta Benz’s rights to this invention. Prior to this, metal and ceramic filters were used to retain coffee grounds. Having slightly improved the design, the family business of M. Benz in 1912 set up the production of filter paper, and since 1937 has been producing filter bags.

Visit the best cafes in Düsseldorf to drink coffee in the finest German traditions.

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Gummy Bears

One of our favorite snacks growing up was and still is Gummy Bears! They originally had the name “Gummibär” or, more gently, “Gummibärchen”.

Hans Riegel, a confectioner from Bonn, founded the Haribo candy factory in 1920. In 1922, inspired by the performances of street-trained bears that are popular entertainment at many European fairs, Hans invented his first Dancing Bear, a small, inexpensive fruit-gummied candy for adults and children. The next candy invented by Hans – the Golden Bear, however, was slightly smaller in size.

Even during the time of hyperinflation in Germany, which plunged the country into poverty, dancing gummy bears remained available to the consumer and were sold in many food stalls for about 1 Pfennig a couple. Invented after them, the Golden Bears had resounding success as the best Haribo sweets of 1967.

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The orange-flavored carbonated drink was invented in 1940 in Germany. During World War II, the United States imposed an embargo on the supply of many goods, including syrup for the production of Coca-Cola. Max Keith, head of the Coca-Cola division in Germany, did not lose his head and created a new product from the available ingredients: apple cake and milk whey. So initially, this drink had a different taste.


Invisible and ubiquitous: One of the most common digital audio coding formats was developed in the early 1980s at the Fraunhofer Institute under the leadership of Karlheinz Brandenburg. Since then, audio data can be easily compressed, stored, played back, and passed on. This gave impetus to the emergence of file-sharing services, such as, for example, Napster.

In 1987, researchers of the Institute Fraunhofer were the first to compress audio files into MP3 format. The new invention, originally conceived to improve the quality of telephone communications, would soon revolutionize the entire music industry.

Despite its misuse in illegal peer-to-peer networks, new technology continues to evolve to enrich our daily lives by acquiring multi-channel properties and the ability to further compress the volume. Players with save function let you enjoy compressed music on the go.

Surprisingly many things we assumed were developed in other countries came from Germany. The country has always been known for its innovations. Were you just as surprised as we were by these discoveries? Do you know of any other German innovations that we missed? If so let us know in the comments below.

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What famous products have been invented in Germany? ›

Brush up on your knowledge of German inventions right here.
  • Airbag. 1971 | Rocket application for safety Thirty milliseconds are often decisive. ...
  • Aspirin, Bayer AG. Bayer AG started in 1863. ...
  • Automobile. 1886 | Karl Benz & Gottlieb Daimler Finally, freedom of movement! ...
  • Bacteriology. ...
  • Beer. ...
  • Chipcard. ...
  • Computer. ...
  • Glider.

How many things did Germany invent? ›

Summary. In 2020 alone, German companies registered 25,954 inventions with the European Patent Office, making it Europe's most creative country. (Only the US registered more patents that year, with 44,293.) Here we present the most important German inventions and the creative masterminds behind them …

What is the most important thing in Germany? ›

Oktoberfest. The most famous event in Germany is the yearly Oktoberfest festival which attracts nearly 7 million people every year and sees almost 8 million liters of beer being consumed during the festival.

What is unique to Germany? ›

With an interesting and rich history narrated by the old-fashion and colorful architecture, castles, palaces, cathedrals and monuments themselves, its landscapes, mountains and forests, delicious food and beer, Germany remains one of the top destinations in the world for travelers.

What famous food did Germany invent? ›

Of all these regional and national dishes, Germany is most famous for Currywurst, sausages, pretzels and Black Forest Gateau, but as you can see, there is plenty more to German cuisine than just these.

What is the 2 main product of Germany? ›

Trade In October 2022, the top exports of Germany were Motor cars and motor caravans (€13.7B), Pharmaceutical products (€9.25B), Chassis, bodies, engines etc. for motor... (€7.12B), Machinery for electricity production, distribution (€6.61B), and Other machinery (€4.68B).

What do Germans invent? ›

List of Greatest German Inventions
German InventionsInventorDate
The Bunsen BurnerRobert Bunsen1855
The Electron MicroscopeErnst Ruska, Max Knoll1931
The Contact LensThomas Young1801
The Printing PressJohannes Gutenberg1456
21 more rows

What medicine did the Germans invent? ›

Medicine and drugs

1832: First synthesis of chloral hydrate, the first hypnotic drug, by Justus von Liebig at the University of Giessen; Oscar Liebreich introduced the drug into medicine in 1869 and discovered its hypnotic and sedative qualities.

What are 6 interesting facts about Germany? ›

But for now, here are bits for you to chew on.
  • The largest train station in Europe is in Berlin.
  • Berlin is 9 times bigger than Paris.
  • There are more than 20,000 castles in Germany.
  • Germany is the EU's largest economy.
  • German is the third most widely taught language in the world.
  • The German language has 35 dialects.
Jul 2, 2022

What are 3 important facts about Germany? ›

Interesting facts about Germany
  • 65% of the highways in Germany have no speed limit and are called the Autobahn.
  • Germany sells around 6 million cars a year, making it one of the largest car producers in the world.
  • The first book ever printed was in German, and the first magazine was launched in Germany in 1663.
Aug 20, 2021

What is German culture famous for? ›

Germany is known for its long and rich history, one that has put it at the forefront of European thought, politics, and art for over 1,000 years. This history has shaped a culture that combines predominantly Christian values with literature, art, philosophy, logic, reason, and, of course, a love of beer and sausages.

What's the longest word in German? ›

The longest word in the standard German dictionary is Kraftfahrzeug-Haftpflichtversicherung – which is the word for motor vehicle liability insurance. But at 36 letters, it's rather puny. Rechtsschutzversicherungsgesellschaften, a touch longer at 39 letters, is the language's longest non-dictionary word.

Do you say hello in German? ›

Hallo – “Hello”

This is the simplest way to say “hello” in German. It's a friendly, all-purpose greeting that can be used in pretty much any situation, formal or informal.

What can Germans be proud of? ›

12 Things Germans Can Be Proud Of
  • Our education system. It's free. ...
  • Being straightforward. Germans don't like to beat around the bush or try to make small talk before getting to the point. ...
  • Beer. ...
  • Our recycling system. ...
  • Bread. ...
  • Feierabend. ...
  • Our public transport system. ...
  • Curing headaches.
Jun 23, 2017

What candy was invented in Germany? ›

The Gummi Bear was invented in 1922 near Bonn, in the kitchen of confectioner Hans Riegel. The fruit-flavored gelatin bear became more and more popular throughout the years and is now exported all over the world, including the US, where they first made an appearance in 1982.

Did Germans make hotdogs? ›

In fact, two German towns vie to be the original birthplace of the modern hot dog. Frankfurt claims the frankfurter was invented there over 500 years ago, in 1484, eight years before Columbus set sail for America. But the people of Vienna (Wien, in German) say they are the true originators of the “wienerwurst.”

What are Germany's top 10 exports? ›

On the basis of Germany export data and market research reports, we found that Germany's top 10 exports in 2020 were Machinery (17.1%), Vehicles (15.3%), Electrical Machinery & Equipment (11.0%), Pharma Products (7.0%), Optical, Photographic, Medical Equipment (5.4%), Plastics & Articles (4.3%), Articles of Iron & ...

What are the Top 5 imports in Germany? ›

In 2021, Germany main imports were: computer, electronic and optical products (11 percent of total imports); motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers (10 percent); chemicals and chemical products (8 percent); machinery and equipment (8 percent); electrical equipment (7 percent); basic metals (6 percent); crude ...

What are 3 customs in Germany? ›

Authentic German Traditions
  • Schultüte on the first day of school. The Schultüte is a traditional German gift that was established during the 19th century. ...
  • Fireworks on New Year's Eve. ...
  • Watching “Dinner For One' on New Year's Eve. ...
  • Reinfeiern. ...
  • Karneval. ...
  • Tanz in den Mai. ...
  • Tanzverbot. ...
  • Tatort.
Nov 7, 2022

What is Germany old name? ›

What was Germany called before it was called Germany? Germany was a conglomeration of many kingdoms and empires but was often referred to as Germania, the Holy Roman Empire, and the Franks. It was also previously known as Prussia.

What is Germany famous for Kids facts? ›

Germany has been called the "Land of Poets and Thinkers." Germans are famous in all forms of art, but particularly classical music. Germany's famous composers include Bach, Brahms, Schumann, Wagner, and Beethoven.

What was the real name of Germany? ›

For example, in German, the country is known as Deutschland, in French as Allemagne, and in Polish as Niemcy. However, the official name of Germany is Bundesrepublik Deutschland.It is also known as the Federal Republic of Germany.

What music did Germany invent? ›

Germans have played a leading role in the development of classical music. Many of the best classical musicians such as Bach, Händel, Beethoven, Schumann, Brahms, Wagner, Mahler, or Schoenberg (a lineage labeled the "German Stem" by Igor Stravinsky) were German.

What invention came from Germany? ›

Johannes Gutenberg was a German craftsman and printer who invented the first printing press with movable type in 1450. This invention revolutionized printing, making it simpler and more affordable. Printed materials were made available to the masses for the first time in history.

Why do Germans make it better? ›

Why the Germans Do It Better: Notes from a Grown-Up Country is a 2020 book by British journalist John Kampfner. Publication rights in the Commonwealth of Nations, excluding Canada, were acquired by Atlantic Books in March 2019.

What gun did Germany invent? ›

During the Second World War, the German Wehrmacht primarily relied on bolt action rifles such as the Karabiner 98k as their main infantry weapon. These were augmented by light and submachine guns such as the MP40.

Who invented the drug? ›

Over the next 150 years, scientists learnt more about chemistry and biology. The first modern, pharmaceutical medicine was invented in 1804 by Friedrich Sertürner, a German scientist. He extracted the main active chemical from opium in his laboratory and named it morphine, after the Greek god of sleep.

What did Germany call themselves? ›

Not to be forgotten, the exonym Germans use is Deutschland. Just like with words, names evolve over time. Germany, for example, was called Germany by its inhabitants long before the country was united and began to call itself Deutschland.

What language do Germans speak? ›

German is the most widely spoken mother language and an official language in four countries in the European Union: Germany, Austria, Belgium and Luxembourg. German is also an official language in Switzerland and Liechtenstein.

How many kids do Germans have? ›

In 2021, there were approximately 1.58 children born per woman in Germany, a steady increase compared to 1.45 in 1990. This statistic shows the development of the fertility rate in Germany from 1990 to 2021.

What are 5 interesting facts about Germany? ›

There are over 2100 castles in Germany. There are over 1,500 different beers in Germany. Germany is the seventh-largest country in Europe. Covering an area of 137,847 square miles, of which 34,836 square miles is covered by land and 3,011 square miles contains water.

What did the German culture bring to America? ›

German Americans established the first kindergartens in the United States and the Christmas tree tradition. They also introduced popular foods such as hot dogs, hamburgers, pretzels, strudel, sauerkraut and lager beer to America.

What is Germany's traditional clothing? ›

Dirndls and lederhosen may quickly come to mind as traditional German clothing. These outfits originated in Bavaria but have been widely adopted elsewhere. A dirndl is a dress consisting of a blouse, bodice, skirt, and apron. Dirndls were originally worn by servants or peasants.

What is ß called in English? ›

The German letter ß is a ligature and is also called a “scharfes s” (sharp s). But it's simpler than it sounds–it actually just means “ss”. The best thing about this letter? It sounds exactly like the “s” sound in English!

What is the shortest word in the world? ›

The shortest word is a. Some might wonder about the word I since it consists of one letter, too. In sound, a is shorter because it is a monophthong (consists of one vowel), while I is a diphthong.

Do Germans say bless you? ›

1. German. Interestingly, Gesundheit, the German response to a sneeze, is also the most common expression for English speakers who prefer not to say “bless you.” It simply means “health,” which is used in a number of languages when someone sneezes (makes sense).

How do you greet a German girl? ›

Men usually greet women first and wait for them to extend their hand. Close friends may hug to greet and younger people may kiss one another on the cheek. "Guten Tag" (Good day) or “Hallo” (Hello) are the most common verbal greetings used in Germany.

What's up in German slang? ›

Was geht ab? “Was geht ab?” is the German equivalent of “What's up?” or “What's happening?” It is used as a greeting and to inquire after the other person's well-being in a very informal way.

Why are Germans so happy? ›

Happiness in Germany has largely increased due to better life evaluations from its citizens, with financial security and social stability playing a big part in this. The survey found that, until recently, Germans were largely happy with their government's response to the pandemic.

Is Germany friendly to foreigners? ›

Germany is not considered to be one of the most welcoming countries or the friendliest with foreigners. In fact, the country was ranked as one of the world's worst countries to make friends. This is why it's important to have expert help as you find a place to live and get to know your new home.

What is the most popular product in Germany? ›

Top selling products in Germany
  • Apparels.
  • Electronic gadgets & accessories.
  • Kitchen & Home Essentials.
  • Shoes.
  • Books.
  • Athleisure.
  • Video games & Toys.
  • Home Decor.
Sep 28, 2022

What are the main products in Germany? ›

Germany is a top exporter for vehicles and cars parts, machinery, pharmaceuticals, industrial oils and alcohols. The first place in Germany's exports is occupied by cars that represent 11% of Germany's total exports, followed by vehicle spare parts with 4% of the exports.

What are 5 important facts about Germany? ›

But for now, here are bits for you to chew on.
  • The largest train station in Europe is in Berlin.
  • Berlin is 9 times bigger than Paris.
  • There are more than 20,000 castles in Germany.
  • Germany is the EU's largest economy.
  • German is the third most widely taught language in the world.
  • The German language has 35 dialects.
Jul 2, 2022

What crafts is Germany known for? ›

5 traditional German crafts that make a perfect souvenir
  • Screen Prints. About. The East German city of Leipzig established a printing industry in 1650, and by the mid-19th century it had garnered a reputation worldwide. ...
  • Porcelain. About. ...
  • Brass instruments. About. ...
  • Playing cards. About. ...
  • Crystal. About.
Jul 9, 2022

What is Germany famous for shopping? ›

1. Schildergasse, Cologne. Considered to be the busiest shopping street in Europe, Cologne's Schildergasse has a long history that dates back to ancient Roman times. Today it is amongst the best places for shopping in Germany with major department stores and fashion outlets like Galeria Kaufhof, Zara, H&M, etc.

What are the top 3 exports of Germany? ›

Top Three Commodity Exports of Germany (2018 – 2021, %)
  • Machinery, mechanical appliances, nuclear reactors & boilers were the largest export items in 2021 with a share of 16.5% of total exports.
  • Vehicles with a share of 15.1% was the second-largest export commodity in 2021.

What are the top 3 imports of Germany? ›

Top 10 Import Goods
HS CodeImport USD$
(84) Industrial Machinery$161,385,476,442
(85) Electrical Machinery$152,643,757,900
(87) Motor Vehicles & Parts$138,164,912,168
(27) Oil & Mineral Fuels$108,899,822,886
6 more rows

What are Germany's 3 largest natural resources? ›

The key natural resources of Germany include timber, natural gas, coal, lignite, uranium, iron ore, arable land, construction materials, potash, nickel, salt, and copper. Globally, the country is: A leading producer of lignite. The second largest producer of refined selenium.

What is Germany's main food export? ›

Germany's top export product category for 2020 were products made from pigs (6.36 billion USD). This was followed by 'food preparations'. These include products like soups, broths, ketchup, sauces, seasonings, vinegar, yeast, baking powders, stuffed pasta, couscous and protein concentrates.


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